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Ushaw College trained men for the Roman Catholic priesthood for more than two centuries, from its establishment in 1808 until 2011. For much of that time it also functioned as a boarding school for boys as well as a seminary for men destined for the priesthood.

This unique system of educating lay and clerical students alongside each other was at odds with both the spirit and the letter of the seminary legislation of the sixteenth-century Council of Trent, which aspired to create a separate clerical caste free from worldly contacts, lay ambitions and lay habits of life.

Ushaw’s mixed system was inherited from the English Roman Catholic colleges established in Europe, and particularly at Douai College of which Ushaw was the descendant in northern England.

Ushaw Timeline

635 St Aidan founds the monastery on Lindisfarne

664: Synod of Whitby; St Cuthbert (635-687) is sent to Lindisfarne

681: Foundation of St Paul’s Church, Jarrow

725: St Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People

1093: Foundation of Durham Cathedral

1529: English Reformation: Henry VIII declares himself Supreme    Head of the English Church

1533: Pope Clement VII excommunicates Henry               

1559: Elizabeth I Act of Supremacy, declares herself Supreme Governor Church of England

1568: William Allen founds The English College at Douai

By 1700: 160 Douai Priests martyred in England.

1778 Catholic Relief Act: removed penalty of life imprisonment

from Catholic bishops, priests and schoolmasters.

1791 Catholic Relief Act: the Catholic Mass became legal in registered chapels

1794 Douai staff and students occupy Crook Hall, near Consett

1808 Ushaw opens

1829 Catholic Emancipation Act: Catholics could sit as MPs and  hold most public offices

1837 Charles Newsham develops Ushaw

1850 Restoration of the Catholic Hierarchy by Pope Pius IX                                                                                             

1859 Junior Seminary opens at Ushaw 1902

1978 Ushaw students attend Durham University

1988 Ecumenical links with partners in Anglican and Methodist Colleges

2008 Ushaw Bicentenary

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